Friday, 05 February 2021 10:53

How Balance Disorders lead To Injuries

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If you have balance disorders, you are never stable. Suppose you are standing, you will often feel dizzy and spinning as if you are about to fall.

These can happen even when not standing. It can occur while you are sitting down or even sleeping. To have a normal working balance, your body must be in coordination with one another including the muscles, bones, joints, nerves, heart, and blood vessels. If not, then it might lead to serious problems like balance disorders. 

There are a lot of factors that lead to balance disorders. But the most common cause is issues arising from the inner ear or the vestibular system. According to the data released by the National Institute of Health, there are about 900,000 people complaining about dizziness and imbalance to their physicians. This may lead to unintentional falling. 

Falling is one of the most prominent causes of brain injuries that the number of cases arose from 800,000 in the United States alone. As per the death rate, it amounted to 27,000 cases. It may not sound like it, but balance disorders are fatal and dangerous. 

What are balance disorders? 

A balance disorder is a condition wherein you lack balance, feel dizzy and spinning, and unstable when you are standing, sitting, and lying down. If you are on mobility, it may feel like you are tripping over. 

It was reported that in 2008, the number of people with balance disorders reached 33 million. It is influenced by certain medical and health conditions so health assessment is needed to determine the condition and status. At Palm Rehabilitation Center Incorporated, they offer services that assess patients to reduce their risk of falling that may lead to serious injuries. 

What are the signs and symptoms of balance disorders?

The first few signs and symptoms include the following:

  • Vertigo or the feeling of spinning 
  • Floating sensation 
  • The feeling of falling when walking
  • Instability 
  • Dizziness 
  • Damaged vision 
  • Confusion 

It can also be due to ear infections, head injuries, or anything that affects the ear or brain in general. It should also be noted that over time, with age, the risk of having balance disorders increase and some of these disorders start all of a sudden. 

Different kinds of balance disorders 

Balance disorders come in different forms. Below is a list of some balance disorders

Ménière's disease

Vertigo, dizziness, and tinnitus can lead to Ménière's disease. For additional facts, Ménière's disease is named after the French physician who first incorporated vertigo to ear disorders back in 1861. Ménière's disease is caused by the gradual build-up of fluid near the inner ear which then disrupts the sensory cells that are responsible for balance and hearing. 

Having Ménière's disease could make episodes of vertigo lasts for up to 24 hours. Vertigo is a spinning sensation that is associated with dizziness. A person could also experience tinnitus or the feeling of hearing a ringing or buzzing sound though it is not associated with any sound. The cause of Ménière's disease is still unknown even up to this day but such mechanisms are caused by the slow building up of fluids near the ears. 

The main treatment for Ménière's disease is by reducing sodium intake. In simpler terms, salt. A patient is given a diet modification with the goal of reaching low sodium levels. This is to maintain normal body fluid levels so fluctuations in the ear fluids can be avoided.

Cerebellar ataxia

Cerebellar ataxia is the number one cause of the lack of muscle movement due to a dysfunction happening in one part of the brain specifically the cerebellum. This controls the timing and force of muscle movement. People diagnosed with this kind of balance disorder often have some troubles with balancing, walking, and doing movements by hand. 

What leads to cerebellar ataxia? As mentioned it is from the damage happening to the cerebellum which later on may result to head injuries, stroke, or even brain tumor. It can also be generated from the drugs taken by the patient like anti-epileptic drugs. 

Cerebellar ataxia can be treated through medications and therapies administered by an occupational therapist and speech pathologist. Such therapies could be physiotherapy treatment which aims to provide exercises to further improve coordination and movement control of the limbs and trunk. There are also prescribed strategies for mobilization and gait aid. 

At Palm Rehabilitation Center, treatment and other services related to balance disorders are assessed and evaluated. See a medical professional today. 

When should you see a doctor?

If you are unsure whether or not you need to see a specialist, ask yourself these questions. If most of the questions are answered by yes, it means that you need to get checked up right away. 

  1. Do you feel unsteady?
  2. Do you feel dizzy or like the room is spinning even for quick times?
  3. Do you feel like you are moving even if you are just standing or sitting still?
  4. Do you easily lose balance?
  5. Do you fall?
  6. Do you suddenly felt a change in your vision? 
  7. Do you forget about things? Like the time or the place you are in?

At Palm Rehabilitation Center Incorporated, they partnered with Neurological Testing Centers of America Incorporated, to create the Fall Prevention and Balance Center. This is specifically designed for people experiencing dizziness, vertigo, and other balance disorders to find relief with the latest innovation and most experienced physicians. 

They also evaluate, diagnose and treat patients with a specified treatment plan for each case led by Paula Liebeskind, Au.D, the program supervisor, and director, who is an audiology specialist servicing the South Florida area for over 20 years now. 

You can find them in their two best locations, 9900 Stirling Road #303 Cooper City, FL 33024 and 2500 E Hallandale Beach Blvd #210 Hallandale Beach, FL 33009. To know more about the said programs and their other offerings, they are available for a call at (954) 432-8872 or better set an appointment through their website. 

Read 247 times Last modified on Monday, 08 February 2021 10:49